Printer Types And Printing Techniques

Are you looking for the ideal printer? Well, it is important to first understand that there are different types of printers in the market. It is also important to note that each type of a printer is specialized in a certain category in the respective field. In this regard, it is of great essence to be very keen when procuring a printer since you might end up making the wrong choice.

When choosing a printer, it is greatly recommended that you first establish why you need one. That way, you will be in a position to select a brand that perfectly matches with the intended task.

Here are major types of printers available in the market:

Inkjet Printers- This is the most common type of printers in the market currently. they print by squirting ink through very tiny holes which are located on the print head. They are ideal for photo printing since they have the capacity to properly blend colors. Inkjet printers seem to have the cheapest refill kits and ink deals and can also do other normal paper printing.

brother-inkjet-printer

Laser And LED Printers- This comes as a perfect match for standard offices. It is way better in terms of speed as compared to inkjet printers. It can therefore print a large number of copies in a remarkably short time. Important to note, this type of printer is quite expensive.

laser-printer

Solid Ink Printers- This printer type is unique in the sense that it uses a technology which is rare in other models. The printer uses wax-like blocks not Ink cartridges which are melted and squirted through tiny holes on the print head. The liquid is then transmitted onto a paper.

solid-ink-printer

Snapshot Printers- Most printers can print snapshots. However, there is a certain type of printer which is purposely designed for that role. It is only meant to print images and nothing else. It is ideal for studios and for families which go for photo shoot often.

snapshot-printer

Another important thing you should know about is the different printing techniques. With the modern technology, a lot of printing techniques have been introduced. They all have varying features. Some of the common techniques in printing include:

Embossing And De-bossing- Embossing is a technique that leaves a raised impression on a paper. On the other hand, de-bossing leaves a depression on the paper.

embossing

Silk Lamination- This printing technique provides a silk-like finish. Important to note, the finish is water-resistant. The technique perfectly matches vibrant colors.

silk-lamination

Thermography- This technique is characterized by raised printing. However, the process followed in attaining that effect is quite different from embossing. Thermography involves application of a powder on a printed surface. The surface is then exposed to heat to allow the powder and the ink to dry up. The final outcome is a raised form of print.

thermogram

Printing Processes for Art Prints

You have finally purchased the art print that you have been eyeing and you are now looking forward to show it off to your friends and relatives, but before you hung it on your wall, it might be important to know how these prints were made. First, the art print that you purchased might not be original; it might be reproduced from the original art work. These prints are created from different printing process and you may be familiar with different terms that are used in the printing process when you were purchasing your print. Some of the brief descriptions of common printing methods that are used are as illustrated below:

fine-art

Giclee print

This is a French word that means a spurt or spray of liquid. The name describes how the art print was created. Giclee is a basically a digital printout from original art work that is created from digital scan of the original work. After the image is made, sophisticated printers are used to make high resolution printouts with high quality inks. A giclee come in different sizes and on various medium such as photo paper and canvas.

The main benefit of this art print is that it is of high level of accuracy and also rich in color. Another benefit is that it is easy for an artist to make reprints of their work therefore they can create bulk prints within a short period.

Lithograph

This type of print work on the principle that oil and water do not mix, a handmade lithograph is a printout that is made using an oily substance such as pencils and crayons on metal plates or porous stones. Oil-based inks are then applied to the moistened stones that adhere to the lines drawn. The plate is then placed onto a sheet of paper in order to produce the final work.

Monoprint

A monotype or monoprint is a printing design that an artist paint different designs onto a plate using low drying inks. Images are then printed before the ink dries up. One main characteristic of this printout is that; only one unique impression can be created as its name implies.

Canvas transfer

This method of art work involves transferring print onto a canvas. Special chemicals are applied onto the print, which after dying up can be separated from the paper & transferred on a canvas. Then, the canvas is stretched across the frame and then the artist will apply brush strokes in order to create the texture of the original work.

Screen Printing

Screen printing is a method utilized in printing on flat surfaces. The technique uses a screen surface which is a fine mesh stretched on a stiff frame. The sections that are not to be printed are usually blocked. The print is then made by placing the screen on the surface to be printed and ink is place on it. The screen printing process is basically a three steps procedure. Since it is an easy to do thing, screen printing can easily be done at home for personal or commercial use.

screen-printing

The first step in screen printing is the design stem. This is where artwork, text and images are made. Screen printing can allow the printing of different items on a flat surface especially fabric. The first step is where a designer takes the intended idea and creates it into an image or text. The resulting image or text is then made into a film piece. The film can be clear on the artwork and dark on the places not to be printed or the other way round. It is then laid on the screen and exposed to a source of light for a preset period.

The first step is what result in a screen that will be used in the printing. Once it is ready, it is then placed in the area that is to be printed for example a t-shirt. Ink is then placed on one part of the screen and then dragged all over the screen or on the area to be printed and this is how the surface gets printed. The idea is to ensure that the permeable areas which are the areas that are supposed to be printed get enough ink.

For multiple colors, the process of making the screen is still the same. The only different is that there are different screens for the different colors. The different areas should be well positioned on the screen such that when they are printed on the surface there is no part that is on top of another or far away from where it is supposed to be. There can be as many colors as possible provided the surface allows this and there are enough screens and colors to do this.

Today, screen printing is being used in different types of printing. Some of the surfaces that can be printed using this method include fabrics, metal, ceramic objects, glass, synthetic items and paper.

Gutenberg Printing Press – The Grand Revolutionary Invention

The printing trade has been in existence for the longest time. The Chinese and Koreans printed on a sheet of paper using inked woodblocks. Years later down the line, Johannes Gutenberg invented a machine that revolutionized the world. He invented the first printing press that had the ability to split text into smaller component features such as upper and lower case letters and punctuation marks. This invention is what is known as the Gutenberg press.

The Gutenberg printing press since its invention in the 1940s, became the standard printing equipment until the 20th Century. The first one was made out of wood, and was later made out of metal. It was considered a great invention because it made printed material much more affordable and allowed for them to be more accessible for a lot of people.

guttenburg

The Gutenberg press adopted the technology that was used in screw-type presses that were used to make wine in the Rhine Valley. Here, he created a printing press that runs by hand, which rolled over block letters in a wooden form. The form was then pressed onto a sheet of paper, leaving markings. He improved the press and made a metal press that used oil-based inks. The device was marvelous because of its ability to transfer ink evenly on the printing pages.

One of the most popular publications from the Gutenberg press is the Gutenberg Bibles. These bibles are dated all the way back to the 1450s. They were one of the first books printed in the Western world. These bibles are now rare and valuable because they are scarce and of exceptional quality. This is because Gutenberg used paper that was finely crafted and vellum. He printed the bibles using a special ink her invented.

What resulted after the printing of the Gutenberg bible was the establishment of book printing-publishing businesses. A book trade fair was soon initiated in Frankfurt, Germany. It was here that it became apparent that books would from then on be produced in masses. Thanks to Gutenberg, the movable type and a printing press could be used to produce books faster. Reading material could be accessed by a lot of people, unlike initially when religious leaders were the only ones with access to reading material.

All in all, the Gutenberg printing press made a change that completely changed the world. Reading became a necessary skill for more people. Communication became even easier with the existence of affordable printed information. The invention resulted in the spread of knowledge, thoughts, ideas and cultures.

Reasons Why You Need Custom T Shirt Printing

T-shirts can be so much more than just a piece of clothing. Since people who you meet will see your shirt, it presents a huge advertising opportunity that you should take advantage of. That is why you need custom T shirt printing. There are a number of T-shirt design services that you can find offline and online if you need customized tees.

Usually, people have T-shirts customized and printed for a number of reasons.

tshirt-print

Advertising

You can have your business logo and brand name printed on a T-shirt to advertise your company. If you give some space to put in your website address, you might get curious potential customers to check out your website.

Teams

You can show unity as a team by wearing the same printed T-shirts. Those shirts will be more so a uniform of pride if you are organizing the team and the activity for a cause. Show people what that cause is through creative T shirt printing. Get their attention by using designs that will stand out. It will also help recruit people to your cause.

Expression

Show the world your message through your shirt. Be funny. Share some fun quotes that will make anyone who reads them smile. Be passionate. Tell people how you feel about certain things and you might just get yourself some new friends who share the same opinion that you have.

Gift Ideas

Customized shirts can make great gifts for family and friends. You can be completely in control of what the gift will look like. For a family member, it could be a beautiful picture of the family printed on the shirt. For a long-time friend, it could be a picture when you first met. By giving them a personalized gift, they will know how much time and thought you have given into the gift, making it even more special and precious.

Family Reunions and Similar Gatherings

Customized shirts are great ideas when you are organizing a family reunion or a gathering of some kind. It would be easy to spot who the members of your group are if you are all wearing the same shirts. Wouldn’t it be more fun going to amusement parks, tourist spots, or anywhere else with the same shirts on? If you want, you can even have the name of the wearer printed on the shirt for easier identification.

These are only some of the top reasons why you should avail of the services of a T shirt printing and design company. Not only will you get to have a customized item, you can also use the shirts to show off your creativity. Design one now and have it printed on a tee.

3D printers and technology made simple

3D printing, also called rapid prototyping, is a technology in which 3D objects are quickly printed on a reasonably sized machine that is connected to a computer with blueprint files of the object. The basic principles applied in 3D printing are similar to those applied in a 2d printer; that is material cartridge, flexibility of output and conversion of electronic codes into visible patterns. However, these two are not exactly the same.

The technology on which 3d printers work on was developed in the mid-190. The revolutionary concept of 3D printing begins with a CAD drawing. Then, this detailed drawing is input into a highly advanced inkjet-style-printer that can be used to build 3-D models and objects using hundred or thousands of stratified layers. The printer then translate the image into a set of instructions and generates visible patterns that are perfect replication of the CAD design. 3D printing technology simplifies the process of creating models and industrial prototypes.3d-printer

Currently, we have more than 50,000 3D printers in use globally. This is because at the onset of these high tech gargets, their prices were high and only a few people could afford to buy them. But, they are increasing becoming cheap and smaller. In fact, one company manufacture 3D printers for home and offices that it retails at just under $10,000. This compact printer is almost the size of the common office printer but with unlimited ability to generate high quality prototypes and models. Another manufacturer is offering desktop printers for as low as $2500. This proves that 3-dimension printing technology is already an accessible production tool and it will soon become a basic accessory in engineering firms and architectural offices.

The basic 3D printer desktop model produces individual layers that are of the same size as the standard piece of copy-paper. Note that one layer is about 100-micron thick and the process of creating a prototype can consume a large amount of time. Nevertheless, it is still far more efficient than the traditional model making methods. makerbot-printer

The modern 3D printer can generate objects using layers sawdust, glue, ceramic, plastic, resin, carbon fiber, metal and other substances. However, three dimensions printers that use resin require UV or other light based systems to cure the material. Experts are currently developing methods to print clothing’s and substitute for human tissue. Normally, these materials are held in a printer cartridge and they are then expelled using tightly focused nozzles.

The key benefits of using 3-dimension technology printers is that it allows creation of complex and innovative structures, creation of new combination of materials with significantly less waste and fast speed.

Choosing the Right Laser Printer for the Office

If you are looking for a printer for your office or place of work then you need to get a laser printer. They are the best choice for commercial or business purposes because they can print large volumes of texts and graphics fast. They also produce a high quality of black & white prints and coloured content. They are suitable for multiple users and have high print speeds of up to 50 and 20 pages per minute for black & white and colour respectively. There are several considerations you should make before buying a laser printer.

gold-printer

i. Resolution: This is measured in dots per inch (dpi). Laser printers have resolutions that range from 600 to 2400 dpi. 600 dpi printers produce professional black and white prints. 1200 dpi results in smoother edges and text that is crisper. 2400 dpi produce both professional and great quality text, along with great graphics. Therefore, you will need to choose the best printer for your needs.

ii. Print speed: This is important especially if the printer will be shared over a network. The range of printer speeds is from 12 to 45 pages per minute (ppm). The speed is dependent on the processor of the printer, which is rated in megahertz (MHz). The higher the megahertz rate, the faster a printer will function. Laser printers have processors that range from 100-400 MHz.

iii. First page out: A laser printer can take 5 to 30 seconds to start printing. This time lapse is known as the first-page-out time (FPOT). This is not inclusive of the time to print the pages.

iv. Memory size: Laser printers have their own memory that can be shared over a network. The amount of memory also determines the speed at which the printer will work. The larger the size of memory, which is measured in megabytes, the faster the printer will process multiple documents. The sizes range from 2-128 MB. A small business of around 15 people would function well with 12-16 MB of memory for small or short documents such as emails. If there are large documents such as spreadsheets, a 64 MB printer would suffice.

v. Duplexing: Printer with this feature can print two-sided documents. This will help cut down on costs for office paper. It’s an eco-friendly feature.

Laser printers therefore present better advantages compared to other types of printers. They are the preferred choice for most business premises. With all the features available, it’s hard to regret buying one. The best laser printers are LaserJet printers.

The different inks used for tattoos and their varied uses

Tattoo ink varieties

Tattoo inks are mostly made of combined pigments with carriers and their main function is in tattooing. They can be found in varied colours and can be thinned or even mixed together to provide different shades and colours as desired. They are also found in both high quality and low quality.

Most of the inks used in doing tattoos are purchased when they have already been made hence the common reference to them as pre-dispersed inks. They are either water based or alcohol based. However, some of the tattoo artists prefer to mix their own pigments and carriers to come up with their own tattoo inks. Thus, the different tattoo artists use varied types of inks depending on their preferences.

Difficult removal

Majorly the tattoo inks that are used are permanent. Their removal is extremely painful and difficult since its success level also depends on the kind of materials used. However, the tattoo inks that are currently produced are considered to be relatively easy to remove. There are also some unsubstantiated claims that some tattoo inks tend to fade with time, hence resulting into tattoos that are said to be semi-permanent.

Categories
There are other different categories of tattoo inks whose effect when used to do tattoos is highly variable. They include:
• Glow in the dark ink, which has the ability to absorb and retain light. As a result, it glows in dark conditions under a process that is known as phosphorescence.
• Blacklight ink does not glow in the dark. However, it produces a reaction with UV light and produces a glow that is visible through fluorescence.
• Removable tattoo ink. Whereas tattoo inks are known to require a lot of labour and are extremely painful to remove, there has been the development of a recent ink which is easier to remove than the traditional inks. This is done through laser treatments.
• Black henna is usually applied externally in temporary applications rather than being used through insertion beneath the skin to form a permanent tattoo. It is because of this that some governments have advised against its use.

Uses
If you are looking for a white tattoo it is advisable to use group tattoos with pure pigments. Animal lovers can choose to use starbrite inks as they do not have animal products.

It is important that before you can sign up for tattoo work you read about tattoo inks among other equipments used to get the desired effects. This is in addition to finding artists of good reputation and with a broad fan base, whom you can ask about the tattoo inks being used.